February 1 marks St. Brigid's Day, when Ireland remembers the celtic goddess Brigid and her immense power in Irish mythological and religious imagination by making a St. Brigid's cross.

The goddess Brigid was the daughter of the Dagda and one of the Tuatha Dé Danann before she was melded with the Christian saint of the same name in the Middle Ages.

February 1 or 2 is a day claimed by Celtic seasonal thinkers. They called the holiday Imbolc to celebrate Bríd in the form of a cailleach ("witch") becoming a maiden, who collects kindling to make a fire in the winter that will warm the spring and make her young again.

A statue of St. Brigid of Kildare (Via:Flickr / Fiona MacGinty O'Neill)

A statue of St. Brigid of Kildare (Via:Flickr / Fiona MacGinty O'Neill)

The holiday is understood through the stories of the incredible Brighid. She was the inventor of the mourning songs called caoineadh or "keening." In the story, she keens to mourn the death of her son Ruadán and so invents the art form. Brighid's caoineadh is like the Tibetan ritual of ushering souls to nirvana in the Book of the Dead.

The true meaning behind St. Brigid's Cross

The Irish tradition of making crosses on Imbolc or Lá Fhéile Bhríde (St. Brigid's Day) is remembered as a Christian ritual and has become that for most Irish people.

The spiral of the Brighid cross invokes the North Star and the pattern that the Big Dipper makes in the sky over the course off a year. As the night sky turns around the North Star, the Big Dipper turns through the seasonal year like the hand of a clock.

Brigid is the fire-keeper of that flame of life that mothers tend to so that we don't die in the winter, and so the lines of family are not broken by the trauma of the cold months. In the winter, Brighid becomes the cailleach, the woman in agedness, and on Imbolc she collected the kindling of the fires that get her to the spring of regeneration.

Christian interpretation in Ireland makes Brigid into a nun, and children occupy themselves by taking bits of straw and weaving this potential-kindling into the shape of spiraling Brigid's crosses.

A homemade St Brigid's cross.

A homemade St Brigid's cross.

St. Brigid is said to have invented the cross herself while attending a sickbed and picking up rushes from the floor to craft them into a sacred cross.

Taking up the tradition in its many forms focuses the mind in the meditation of craft, and connects our winter minds mad at the cold to the great wheel that turns and is slowly bringing us into the spring of renewal.

Do you or family mark St. Brigid's Day? Let us know how you mark it in the comment section below.

Share this with one of her namesake's in your life ahead of their blessed feast day. 

Read more: The enduring traditions of St. Brigid's Day

* Originally published in 2012.

A painting of St. Brigid by Patrick Joseph Tuohy. Wikicommons