St. Patrick’s Day is just around the corner and we hope you’re looking forward to it as much as we are. It’s a day of celebration and fun, but it’s also a day to recognize and appreciate our identity and Irish history, not just in Ireland but alongside our friends within the Irish Diaspora and beyond.

Who was St. Patrick?

St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is one of Christianity’s most widely known figures. Originally from England, the story goes that as a teenager, St. Patrick was taken prisoner by a group of raiders. They transported him to Ireland and kept him captive until he eventually escaped and returned to England. During his time as a prisoner he turned to Christianity for solace, and it’s said that God came to him in the form of a dream and told him he would help convert the Irish people to Christianity.

St. Patrick returned to Ireland to do just that and traveled all over the country teaching people about the religion. It’s believed he used a three-leaved shamrock, which is now seen as the official symbol of St. Patrick’s Day, to explain the Holy Trinity, i.e., God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. He is also remembered for the famous legend that he banished all the snakes from Ireland. 

St. Patrick’s Day officially became a national holiday in Ireland in 1903. The 17th of March was practiced as a Holy day and families would pin bunches of shamrock to their jackets and go to Mass. Years later, the day became more of a celebration. Parades would be held in Dublin and even in small towns across the country featuring performances and community clubs.

St. Patrick’s Day today

Over the years, St. Patrick’s Day has gained international recognition, and people from all over the world flock to Dublin for the spectacular festival normally held each year.

Karen Walshe is the artistic director for the St. Patrick’s Festival, and she spoke to IrishCentral about what goes on behind the scenes of one of the biggest days in the Irish calendar. “The Festival takes place one week each year centered around St. Patrick’s Day on the 17th of March when we host the internationally renowned parade,” she says. “From 12 p.m. the streets of Dublin are packed with over half a million revelers as we see marching bands from all over the world perform, and our world-famous pageant companies who respond to the Festival theme for that year. There are over 3,000 participants performing that day. Over the course of the Festival week, we celebrate Irishness past and present through a huge cultural program for all ages, abilities, and interests. It's also the start of spring so everyone looks forward to welcoming brighter days ahead, especially this year.”

Due to current restrictions, the team behind the St. Patrick’s Day Festival had to get creative, and this year they created a TV channel called SPFTV. “It’s a six-day and night virtual tv channel featuring over 200 shows from day to night, all commissioned over the past few months,” says Karen. “The funding from the Irish Government through the Department of Arts & Culture is being funneled to artists, filmmakers, and live event crews as we bring work to the industry while creating stunning shows for the world to see from 12-17 March.” 

How do the global Irish celebrate?

Each year countries all over the world pay tribute to St. Patrick’s Day and get behind the celebrations as part of a “Global Greening,” with landmarks and tourist sites going green for the day. From New York to Sydney, it’s incredible to see the passion others feel for their Irish roots. It’s also an important day for Irish politics, and each year the taoiseach (prime minister) travels to the White House in Washington for a diplomatic exchange, by gifting a bowl of shamrocks to the president of the United States, which first took place during the 1960s.

St. Patrick’s Day is also a time for the Irish Diaspora to connect with their roots and is especially poignant this year as many haven’t had the opportunity to return to Ireland due to the pandemic. 

Jim McCann, founder, and chairman of, Inc. explains what his St. Patrick’s Day in America looks like.

“My wife makes corned beef and cabbage and her own version of Irish soda bread which is moist, heavy, and delicious and comes out incredibly well,” he says. “It's a family recipe and I have yet to see anyone else make it quite like this!”

Jim continues, “Near our home on Long Island, New York, there is typically a fantastic parade (pre-COVID) and it’s a great time to bring all six grandchildren together. It’s a great family day that is usually not celebrated on St. Patrick's Day but happens a week before.”

Virtual and at home celebrations

This year due to restrictions, the usual St Patrick’s Day festivities can’t take place, instead, celebrations are taking place online all over the world. One exciting event is a free virtual panel discussion organized by 1-800-Flowers, which will celebrate the global phenomenon of St. Patrick’s Day.

The event takes place on Tuesday, March 16th at 2 pm ET (6 p.m. GMT), and will be streamed on Facebook Live @IrishCentral and @1800flowers. Tune in to hear the traditions behind St. Patrick's Day, why we celebrate, and how celebrations have changed over the years, particularly during the coronavirus pandemic. There will also be a discussion on the depth of connection felt by Irish Americans and the Irish Diaspora and the pride felt by the global Irish annually on March 17. With some fantastic speakers, it’s not to be missed! 

You can RSVP to the event here.

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