One hundred years ago, IRA volunteers carried out two ambushes which took place in Cork and Kerry.
The ambushes were similar in style and substance as they demonstrated the primitive supplies the IRA had in the early days of the War of Independence but, these particular ambushes also showed the sheer determination of the ill-equipped freedom fighters against the better-equipped enemy.
The ambushes took place just a week apart in June 1919 and would lay the foundations for larger-scale actions in Cork and Kerry in the months that followed.
June 16, 1919, in the parish of Rathclarin which lies in the barony of Carbery just a few miles southeast of Bandon, one RIC constable and five British soldiers were ambushed and disarmed by 14 volunteers from the local IRA company.
The military patrol was returning from Burren Pier. They had responded to a call regarding a large containment of timber which had been thrown into the sea there. The patrol which consisted of four privates and one corporal from the Essex Regiment were accompanied by Constable Daniel McMorrow. As the patrol came to a crossroads on that Summers evening a number of men jumped out from over a ditch at the rear and front of them. The men were brandishing sticks and hurleys and took the armed enemy by complete surprise.
A hard hand-to-hand fight took place at the crossroads in Rathclarin and the IRA volunteers overpowered the British soldiers and the RIC constable but, not without injuries.
Volunteer Michael O'Neill was hit unconscious with the butt of a rifle by one of the British soldiers. When the defeated British soldiers and constable were disarmed and tied up, the injured O'Neill was carried by Volunteer Jer O'Neill on a pony and trap to a doctor in Ahiohill where he recovered.
The volunteers who took part were all local - John Fitzgerald, Michael O'Neill, JJ O'Mahony, Con Crowley, T Holland, Jer O'Neill, David O' Sullivan, James Mahony, P. Crowley, Denis Manning, J O'Leary, P Manning and P. Sullivan with their leader lieutenant Patrick Crowley.
The ambush was not sanctioned by IRA HQ but, their action was rewarded with five rifles, one revolver and 20 rounds of ammunition. Lieutenant Crowley would later die in the fight for freedom when the 26-year-old Kilbrittain man was shot by the tans in February 1921.
Following the Rathclarin ambush, the authorities raided several houses in the area, including many of those involved in the ambush. The homes of the O'Neils and the Mahoneys were raided 17 times over the course of one week!
During these raids, men were strip-searched to see if they had any cuts or bruises from the hand to hand fighting. For weeks after the Rathclarin ambush, a ring of steel was placed around the area and a curfew of 10 pm was placed on those living there.
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