The Irish Heritage Council has published an interactive guide map to Ireland’s mysterious Sheela na Gigs carvings, X-rated statues from the 11th century of women exposing their private parts with huge grimaces on their faces.

No one knows who created the statues, which look similar to gargoyles and can be found across Ireland and the Uk, or why they were created.

Scholars believe the carving first appeared in France and Spain, and traveled over to England and Ireland in the 11th and 12th centuries.

The Sun reports that the council created the guide to invite both expert and amateur history buffs alike to discover where these sexual grotesque carvings can be found in an effort to better understand their history.

Michael Starrett, Heritage Council chief executive, said the map was produced to educate and explode myths and “allow contemporary and very enlightened debate to occur.”

A 12th century Sheela a Gig on the church at Kilpeck, Herefordshire, England. Credit: User Pryderi/Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0

A 12th century Sheela a Gig on the church at Kilpeck, Herefordshire, England. Credit: User Pryderi/Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0

“Our Sheela na Gigs deserve no less,” he said.

The carvings are typically found on medieval tower-houses, churches and holy wells.

Shane Lehane, a folklorist at University College Cork (UCC), said that up until recently they were seen as “figures representing the evils of lust or as ways of averting the evil eye.”

“More convincing reassess ments have reinterpreted the Sheela na Gig, in line with the Cailleach (old woman or hag), as belonging to the realm of vernacular folk deities associated with the life-giving powers of birth and death,” he said.

“Placed with the cycles of both the natural and agricultural year and the human life cycle, she can be regarded as the embodiment of the cycle of fertility that over-arches natural, agricultural and human procreation and death.”

There are 101 remaining Sheela na Gigs carvings in Ireland, and 45 in the UK.

The interactive map can be found at heritagemaps.ie.

Sheela na Gig carving on town wall in Fethard, County Tipperary, Ireland. Wikipedia/User Fennel/ CC BY 2.0