This year marks the 22nd anniversary of the day the last Magdalene Laundry in Ireland closed for good in 1996.

Also known as Magdalene asylums, Magdalene Laundries were cruel and medieval institutions in which women were imprisoned, stripped of their human rights and abused sexually and otherwise.

Women sent to the Laundries were deemed “mischievous” or “scandalous” at an incredibly young age and spent years and years of their lives doing penance for their sins, guarded by ruthless nuns.

The Laundries were disguised as rehabilitation centers for “fallen” women; in reality, the women rarely made it out alive from these places. A mass grave of 155 corpses was discovered in Dublin in 1993.

Read more: Sinead O’Connor's torment as a victim of the Catholic Church's Magdalene Laundries

It wasn’t until 2001 that the Irish Government admitted they were institutions of abuse – a formal state apology was issued in 2013 with an $82 million compensation scheme.

The last Magdalene Laundry in Ireland was the Convent of the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity on Sean MacDermott Street in Dublin. At the height of its productivity, 150 women worked there, and 40 women were in residence when it closed, the eldest being 79.

Read more: Dublin Magdalene Laundry closed in 1996 could be a museum to women and children who suffered

The Magdalene Laundries, named after Mary Magdalene who was in earlier centuries characterized as a converted prostitute, existed from the early 1760s through the late 1990s in Ireland, the UK, Australia, and the US. An estimated 30,000 women were confined.

For more IrishCentral articles about the Magdalene Laundries, read:

The Laundries were abusive institutions disguised as rehabilitation centers.