Irish police have recommended that a Muslim man be charged with engaging in terrorist activities under the Terrorist Offenses Act 2005.
If the Director of Public Prosecutions approves the case, this will be the first time charges will be applied under this legislation.
As a result of an EU Directive which is aimed at targeting international terrorism, the Criminal Justice (Terrorist Offences) was implemented in Ireland.
The legislation was drawn up in response to the London bombings in July 2005 where 52 people were killed.
The file sent to the DPP is the culmination of a major investigation by detectives in the south-east, in which a number of specialized units were involved.
The case relates to an international investigation into an alleged conspiracy to murder Swedish artist Lars Vilks, who had drawn a derogatory cartoon of Mohammad.
The FBI supplied the Irish police with information which they suspected linked people in the U.S. and Ireland to the murder plot.
An American woman called Colleen LaRose, who went by the name of Jihad Jane was allegedly involved in the plot.
She was indicted to the U.S. for conspiring to support terrorists and attempting to kill a person in a foreign country.
It later emerged that Jihad Jane had visited Ireland in September 2009 for a two week period and that she had met a number of people while there.
After a four month investigation, armed police swooped on addresses in Waterford and Cork in March of last year.
A total of seven people were arrested however, Irish police are attempting to bring charges against just one person.
The DPP is currently analyzing the file and legislation. He will decide in the coming months whether they case will go to Irish courts.