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No greater love, five Irish love stories that changed history

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1. Charles Stewart Parnell and Kitty O'Shea

Charles Parnell had the world at his feet in the 1880s. He was a hero in Ireland and on the verge of delivering Home Rule when he fell hard for Kitty O'Shea, the wife of a fellow member of parliament.

Though Parnell was not married, Kitty's husband vowed revenge and divorce, and Parnell fell from power and died a broken man after a huge campaign of vilification against him.

2. Oscar Wilde and Lord Alfred Douglas


Oscar Wilde was at the height of his power as a writer and playwright, and seemingly happily married with two children when he fell in love with Lord Alfred Douglas, son of the Marquis of Queensbury, better known for inventing the rules for boxing.

The couple met in 1891 and four years later a public case was brought against Wilde, based in large part on letters found in coats given to male prostitutes by Douglas.

Wilde was convicted and died a sad and broken man.

3. William Butler Yeats and Maud Gonne


Ireland's greatest ever poet was utterly infatuated by Maud Gonne, a fiery revolutionary who “hurled the little streets upon the great” in Yeats' immortal line during her role in the 1916 Uprising.

Unfortunately for Yeats the love was unrequited.

They met in 1889 and she turned down all his offers of marriage. Even 17 years later in 1916 after her husband was executed for taking part in the 1916 Rising, he proposed to her again and was refused.

At age 52 he proposed to Maud's daughter Iseult Gonne who was 23 at the time. She turned him down.
 
4. Michael Collins and Kitty Kiernan


She was the fiance of Ireland's greatest hero during the War of Independence. They met in a hotel in Longford in 1917 and exchanged over 300 letters afterwards as he was on the run much of the time.

They had set a wedding date but Collins was tragically killed at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1922.

She married and had a son she called Michael after him. She died in 1945 and is buried not far from him in Glasnevin cemetery in Dublin.

5. Joseph Mary Plunkett and Grace Gifford


Plunkett was a leader in the 1916 Rising and a leading figure in the Irish Republican brotherhood. Grace Gifford was his girlfriend.

Plunkett was captured and ordered to be executed. The pair were married in his prison cell just a few hours before he was executed. She wore widow's clothing ever afterwards.

Originally published in Feb 2010.

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