The original Anglo Irish Treaty document of 1921 is now available online, marking 90 years to the day since the historic treaty was signed.
Prior to this, it has never been made available for public viewing.
The “Articles of Agreement between Great Britain and Ireland”, was signed December 6, 1921 at 2.12 am, marking the end of the 1919-1921 War of Independence.
The Department of the Taoiseach donated the original document to the National Archives of Ireland in 2002.
The handwritten signatures of all of the delegates are clearly visible at the bottom of the seven-page document. The Irish delegates signed their names in Irish.
The signatures on the left of the final page include Arthur Griffith, Miceál Ó Coileáin (Michael Collins), Riobárd Bartún (Robert Barton), Eamonn S Ó Dugáin (Eamonn Duggan) and Seoirse Ghabháin Uí Dhubhthaigh (George Gavan Duffy).
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Michael Collins was branded a “traitor” for signing his name to the treaty. At the time he believed it would ultimately lead to full independence.
The British delegates who signed are David Lloyd George, Austen Chamberlain, Lord Birkenhead (signed as “Birkenhead”), and Winston S Churchill.
As a result of the Treaty, the Irish Free State was created as well as Northern Ireland which remained a part of the United Kingdom.
Irish Minister for Arts, Jimmy Deenihan, said he hoped the documents would bring new life to the story of the Irish Republic: “Irrespective of your political persuasions, this exhibition has no bias and no agenda. It is simply an excellent opportunity for the public to see, not only the Treaty itself, but also the papers leading up to the signing of the Treaty. My hope is that this exhibition will bring to life the story of the establishment of the Irish Republic to a much wider audience than before.”
The Treaty and can be viewed at www.nationalarchives.ie.