A previously unknown act of kindness by the Jewish community in New York sending relief for the Irish Famine has been uncovered.
President of Ireland Mary McAleese, while visiting New York next week, will attend a ceremony at the Congregation Shearith Israel to mark the generosity of the New York Jewish community to the people of Ireland during the Great Hunger.
While people in Ireland were dying by the day because the potato crop failed in 1846, a Jewish reverend in New York reached out to his community and raised a substantial sum of money to help the Irish. The money raised was in the $1,000 range, close to $82,000 in today’s money.
A newspaper report around the time stated that New York had contributed as much as $80,000 in total, and claimed that this was "about the same sum that has been contributed at home from all the wealthy classes of Ireland to the Central Relief Committee for all Ireland."
Reverend Jacques Judah Lyons held a meeting in his synagogue in Crosby Street on March 8, 1847, to gather financial support to help raise funds for Irish Famine relief.
Rabbi Hayyim Angel of the Congregation Shearith Israel located at West 70th Street told the Irish Voice on Tuesday that Lyons applied the teachings of the Torah when he reached out and helped the people of Ireland during their toughest era.
Money was also raised by the Temple Shaaray Tefila and an individual contribution of $500 was given by banker August Belmont (founder of Belmont Racetrack).
According to records from the March 8 meeting, Lyons told the gathering that its purpose was to “take measures for the relief of the famishing thousands of their fellow mortals in that unfortunate and destitute country, Ireland."
While Lyons, who was among those who founded the Jews (now Mount Sinai) Hospital, recognized that the Jewish community in New York needed dollars for its own internal needs, he insisted that his community reach out to help the people of Ireland.
When questioned about sending aid to those outside their own community, Lyons said, "It is true that there is but one common link between us and the sufferers...That link is humanity.”
He continued, “Its appeal to the heart surmounts every obstacle. Clime, color, sect are barriers which impede not its progress thither.”
Although it is not clear how much funds were actually sent to Ireland from the Jewish community, it is estimated to be about $1,000, a substantial amount at the time.
Angel said, “Reverend Lyons held a fundraising appeal at the Synagogue and had the money sent to Ireland for famine relief, and by doing so he aptly applied what the Torah teaches us about compassion and responsibility for all people, in this case he applied it to a far-away crisis.”
Angel said the ceremony to mark the New York Jewish community’s aid to Ireland in the mid 1800s is important because “according to Jewish tradition, there are two fundamental elements in commemorating events of the past.
“Remembering our shared memories helps build our identities and shared understanding. More importantly, however, is that our memories inspire us to continue this beautiful legacy of humanistic concern that transcends boundaries of geography and religion,” said Angel.
Irish Consul General, Niall Burgess told the Irish Voice on Tuesday that there has been many stories both told and published about the Famine relief contributions from abroad, but very little has been written or known about the Jewish contributions during that era.
Burgess, through a friend, was made aware of the special relationship the New York Jewish community had with the Irish during the Famine through the Jewish Museum in Dublin.
“There are some stories that are well known about Famine relief contributions, but when you look at some of the specialist works on that period the three Jewish contributions don’t feature very prominently,” said Burgess.
The event with McAleese is one of three being held on Sunday, May 23 to mark the Great Hunger.
After the commemorative ceremony at the synagogue, a Mass at St. Patrick’s Cathedral will be celebrated by Archbishop Timothy Dolan, and a later event at Battery Park will commemorate the hunger memorial.
Burgess said the event at the Congregation Shearith Israel is of particular significance.
“This story and others like it -- like that of the Choctaw Indians -- is the reminder of how when a humanitarian crises happens, how even in the mid-19th century, there is a sense that this just wasn’t our concern, it was everyone’s concern,” he said.